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What are the possible complications from a dog bite?

On Behalf of | Sep 9, 2021 | Premises Liability |

As a guest in someone’s home, the homeowner has an obligation to create a safe place. If his or her dog attacks you, it is the homeowner’s responsibility.

When it comes to bites, your biggest worry may not always be the initial bite. According to Medical News Today, dog bites may have a variety of complications.

Tetanus

Tetanus is an infection that requires immediate medical attention. When bit by a dog, tetanus bacteria can enter your body. To treat tetanus, physicians generally prescribe antibiotics and a tetanus vaccine. Symptoms of tetanus include muscle spasms, particularly stomach spasms, muscle stiffness, jaw cramping and difficulty swallowing.

Sepsis

Infection is one of the most serious complications that can occur due to an animal bite. If you do not treat the bite or an infection, it could lead to sepsis. Sepsis is a reaction to an infection that may turn life-threatening. If you have sepsis, you need emergency medical attention. Physicians may use antibiotics and IV fluids to treat sepsis.

Capnocytophaga

Capnocytophaga is a serious infection that may occur due to a dog bite. When a patient does not seek treatment, he or she may develop kidney failure, gangrene or could suffer a heart attack. Those who use alcohol in excess, do not have a spleen or have undergone chemotherapy may be more prone to infection.

The infection presents itself in one to 14 days following the dog bite. Symptoms of capnocytophaga include blistering, fever, vomiting, headaches, redness around the wound and joint pain.

When it comes to dog bites, any bite on your hand has a higher chance of developing an infection.